Medicare Benefits Schedule - Item 90260

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Category 1 - PROFESSIONAL ATTENDANCES

90260

90260 - Additional Information

Item Start Date:
01-Nov-2019
Description Updated:
01-Mar-2021
Schedule Fee Updated:
01-Jul-2022

Group
A36 - Eating Disorder Services
Subgroup
2 - Preparation of eating disorder treatment and management plans: consultant physicians

Professional attendance at consulting rooms by a consultant physician in the practice of the physician’s specialty of psychiatry to prepare an eating disorder treatment and management plan, if:

(a) the patient is referred; and

(b) the attendance lasts at least 45 minutes

Fee: $485.70 Benefit: 85% = $412.85

(See para AN.36.1, AN.36.2, AN.40.1 of explanatory notes to this Category)

Extended Medicare Safety Net Cap: $500.00


Associated Notes

Category 1 - PROFESSIONAL ATTENDANCES

AN.36.1

Eating Disorders General Explanatory Notes

Eating Disorders General Explanatory Notes (items 90250-90257, 90260-90269 and 90271-90282)


This note provides a general overview of the full range of 1 November 2019 eating disorders Items and supporting information more specifically on the Category 1 – Professional Attendances: Group A36 – Eating Disorders Services (90250-90257, 90260-90269 and 90271-90282).

It includes an overview of the items, model of care, patient eligibility, and inks to other guidance and resources.

Overview

All 1 November 2019 Eating Disorders new items:

The Eating Disorders items define services for which Medicare rebates are payable where service providers undertake assessment and management of patients with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa and patients with other specified eating disorder diagnoses who meet the eligibility criteria (see – patient eligibility). It is expected that there will be a multidisciplinary approach to patient management through these items.

The items mean eligible patients are able to receive a Medicare rebate for development of an eating disorders treatment plan by a medical practitioner in general practice (Group A36, subgroup 1), psychiatry or paediatrics (Group A36, subgroup 2). Patients with an eating disorders treatment and management plan (EDP) will be eligible for comprehensive treatment and management services for a 12 month period, including:

  • Up to 20 dietetic services under items 10954, 82350 and 82351.
  • Up to 40 eating disorder psychological treatment services (EDPT service).  
  • Review and ongoing management services to ensure that the patient accesses the appropriate level of intervention (Group A36, subgroup 3).

An EDPT service includes mental health treatment services which are provided by an allied health professional or a medical practitioner in general practice with appropriate mental health training. These treatment services include:

  • Medicare mental health treatment services currently provided to patients under the ‘Better Access to Psychiatrists, Psychologists and General Practitioners through the MBS (‘Better Access’) initiative.
    • This includes medical practitioner items 2721, 2723, 2725, 2727, 283, 285, 286, 287, 371, 372; and
    • This includes allied health items in Groups M6 and M7 of Category 8; and
  • new items for EDPT services provided by suitably trained medical practitioners in general practice (items 90271, 90272, 90273, 90274, 90275, 90276, 90277, 90278, 90279, 90280, 90281, 90282)
  • new items for EDPT services provided by eligible clinical psychologists (items 82352-82359), eligible psychologists (items 82360-82367), eligible occupational therapists (items 82368-82375) and eligible social workers (items 82376-82383)
     

For the purpose of the 40 EDPT count; eating disorder psychological treatment service includes a service under provided under the following items: 90271, 90272, 90273, 90274, 90275, 90276, 90277, 90278, 90279, 90280, 90281, 90282, 2721, 2723, 2725, 2727, 283, 285, 286, 287, 371, 372 and items in Groups M6, M7 and M16 (excluding items 82350 and 82351).

For any particular patient, an eating disorder treatment and management plan expires at the end of a 12 month period following provision of that service. After that period, a patient will require a new EDP to continue accessing EDPT services.

Patient Eligibility

The eating disorder items are available to eligible patients in the community. These items do not apply to services provided to admitted (in-hospital) patients.

The referring practitioner is responsible for determining that a patient is eligible for an EDP and therefore EDPT and dietetic services.

‘Eligible patient’ defines the group of patients who can access the new eating disorder services. There are two cohorts of eligible patients.

  1. Patients with a clinical diagnosis of anorexia nervosa; or
  2. Patients who meet the eligibility criteria (below), and have a clinical diagnosis of any of the following conditions:
    1. bulimia nervosa;
    2. binge-eating disorder;
    3. other specified feeding or eating disorder.

The eligibility criteria, for a patient, is:

  1. a person who has been assessed as having an Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire score of 3 or more; and
  2. the condition is characterised by rapid weight loss, or frequent binge eating or inappropriate compensatory behaviour as manifested by 3 or more occurrences per week; and
  3. a person who has at least two of the following indicators:
    1. clinically underweight with a body weight less than 85% of expected weight where weight loss is directly attributable to the eating disorder;
    2. current or high risk of medical complications due to eating disorder behaviours and symptoms;
    3. serious comorbid medical or psychological conditions significantly impacting on medical or psychological health status with impacts on function;
    4. the person has been admitted to a hospital for an eating disorder in the previous 12 months;
    5. inadequate treatment response to evidence based eating disorder treatment over the past six months despite active and consistent participation.

Practitioners should have regard to the relevant diagnostic criteria set out in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association – Fifth Edition (DSM-5)

Practitioners can access the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire at https://www.credo-oxford.com/pdfs/EDE_17.0D.pdf

The Eating Disorders Items Stepped Model of Care

The eating disorder items incorporate a ‘stepped model’ for best practice care for eligible patients with eating disorders that comprise:

  • assessment and treatment planning
  • provision of and/or referral for appropriate evidence based eating disorder specific treatment services by allied mental health professionals and provision of services by dietitians
  • review and ongoing management items to ensure that the patient accesses the appropriate level of intervention.

The Stepped Model

‘STEP 1’ – PLANNING (trigger eating disorders pathway) 90250-90257 and 90260-90263

An eligible patient receives an eating disorder plan (EDP) developed by a medical practitioner in general practice (items 90250-90257), psychiatry (items 90260-90262) or paediatrics (items 90261-90263).

 ‘STEP 2’ – COMMENCE INITIAL COURSE OF TREATMENT (psychological & dietetic services)

Once an eligible patient has an EDP in place, the 12 month period commences, and the patient is eligible for an initial course of treatment up to 20 dietetic services and 10 eating disorder psychological treatment (EDPT) services. A patient will be eligible for an additional 30 EDPT services in the 12 month period, subject to reviews from medical practitioners to determine appropriate intensity of treatment.

 ‘STEP 3” – CONTINUE ON INITIAL COURSE OF TREATMENT 90264-90269 (managing practitioner review and progress up to 20 EDPT services)

It is expected that the managing practitioner will be reviewing the patient on a regular, ongoing and as required basis. However, a patient must have a review of the EDP (90264-90269), to assess the patient’s progress against the EDP or update the EDP, before they can access more than 10 EDPT services. This is known as the ‘first review’. The first review should be provided by the patient’s managing practitioner, where possible.

‘STEP 4’ FORMAL SPECIALIST AND PRACTITIONER REVIEW 90266-90269 (continue beyond 20 EDPT services)

A patient must have two additional reviews before they can access more than 20 EDPT services. One review (the ‘second review’) must be performed by a medical practitioner in general practice (who is expected to be the managing practitioner), and the other (the ‘third review’) must be performed by a paediatrician (90267 or 90269) or psychiatrist (90266 or 90268). Should both recommend the patient requires more intensive treatment, the patient would be able to access an additional 10 EDPT services in the 12 month period. These reviews are required to determine that the patient has not responded to treatment at the lower intensity levels.

The patient’s managing practitioner should be provided with a copy of the specialist review.

The specialist review by the psychiatrist or paediatrician can occur at any point before 20 EDPT services. The practitioner should refer the patient for specialist review as early in the treatment process as appropriate. If the practitioner is of the opinion that the patient should receive more than 20 EDPT services, the referral should occur at the first practitioner review (after the first course of treatment) if it has not been initiated earlier.

Practitioners should be aware that the specialist review can be provided via telehealth (90268 and 90269). Where appropriate, provision has been made for practitioner participation on the patient-end of the telehealth consultation.

It is expected that the managing practitioner will be reviewing the patient on a regular, ongoing and as required basis. However, a patient must have a review of the EDP (90264-90269), to assess the patient’s progress against the EDP or update the EDP, before they can access the next course of treatment.

‘STEP 5’ ACCESS TO MAXIMUM INTENSITY OF TREATMENT 90266-90269 (continue beyond 30 EDPT services)

To access more than 30 EDPT treatment services in the 12 month period, patients are required to have an additional review (the ‘fourth review’) to ensure the highest intensity of treatment is appropriate. Subject to this review, a patient could access the maximum of 40 EDPT treatment services in a 12 month period. The fourth review should be provided by the patient’s managing practitioner, where possible. 

An Integrated Team Approach

A patient’s family and/or carers should be involved in the treatment planning and discussions where appropriate. The family can be involved in care options throughout the diagnosis and assessment, and are usually the support unit that help to bridge the gap between initial diagnosis and eating disorder specific treatment.

The National Standards for the safe treatment of eating disorders specify a multi-disciplinary treatment approach that provides coordinated psychological, physical, behavioural, nutritional and functional care to address all aspects of eating disorders. People with eating disorders require integrated inter-professional treatment that is able to work within a framework of shared goals, care plans and client and family information. Frequent communication is required between treatment providers to prevent deterioration in physical and mental health (RANZCP Clinical Guidelines: Hay et al., 2014). Consider regular case conferencing to ensure that the contributing team members are able to work within a shared care plan and with client and carers to achieve best outcomes.

Clinical guidelines and other resources

It is expected that the consultants providing services under these items should have the appropriate skills, knowledge and experience to provide eating disorders treatment. However, there are a number of resources which may be of assistance to practitioners in supporting and developing eating disorders treatment plans, these include:

Note: This information is provided as a guide only and each case should be addressed according to a patient's individual needs. An electronic version of the Guidelines is available on the RANZCP website at www.ranzcp.org

National Eating Disorders Collaboration Eating Disorders: a professional resources for general practitioners available at www.nedc.com.au

Eating Disorders Training

It is expected that practitioners who are providing services under these items have appropriate training, skills and experience in treatment of patients with eating disorders and meet the national workforce core competencies for the safe and effective identification of and response to eating disorders more information available at National Eating Disorders Collaboration

Training Services

Practitioners should contact their professional organisation to identify education and training which may assist to practitioners to gain the skills and knowledge to provide services under these items.

The following organisations provide training which may assist practitioners to meet the workforce competency standards:

  • The Australia and New Zealand Academy of eating disorders (ANZAED) - National
  • InsideOut Institute - National
  • The Victorian Centre of Excellence in Eating Disorders (CEED) - VIC
  • Queensland Eating Disorder Service (QuEDS) - QLD
  • Statewide Eating Disorder Service (SEDS) - SA
  • WA Eating Disorders Outreach & Consultation Service (WAEDOCS) – WA

This list is not exhaustive, but has been included to provide examples on the types of training available which may assist practitioners to upskill in this area.

 

Related Items: 90250 90251 90252 90253 90254 90255 90256 90257 90260 90261 90264 90265 90266 90267 90271 90272 90273 90274 90275 90276 90277 90278 90279 90280 90281 90282

Category 1 - PROFESSIONAL ATTENDANCES

AN.36.2

Eating Disorders Treatment and Management Plans Explanatory Notes

Eating Disorders Treatment and Management Plans Explanatory Notes (items 90250-90257 and 90260-90263)


This note provides information on Eating Disorders Treatment and Management Plan (EDP) items and should be read in conjunction with the Eating Disorders General Explanatory Notes

Eating Disorder Treatment Plan (EDP) items overview

The EDP items define services for which Medicare rebates are payable where practitioners undertake the development of a treatment and management plan for patients with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa and patients with other specified eating disorder diagnoses who meet the eligibility criteria.

The EDP items trigger eligibility for items which provide delivery of eating disorders psychological treatment (EDPT) services (up to a total of 40 psychological services in a 12 month period) and dietetic services (up to a total of 20 in a 12 Month period).

For any particular patient, an eating disorder treatment and management plan expires at the end of a 12 month period following provision of that service. Eating Disorders treatment services are not available to the patient if the EDP has expired.

Preparation of the EDP must include:

  • discussing the patient’s medical and psychological health status with the patient and if appropriate their family/carer;
  • identifying and discussing referral and treatment options with the patient and their family/carer where appropriate, including identification of appropriate support services;
  • agreeing goals with the patient and their family/carer where appropriate - what should be achieved by the treatment - and any actions the patient will take;
  • planning for the provision of appropriate patient and family/carer education;
  • a plan for crisis intervention and/or for relapse prevention, if appropriate at this stage;
  • making arrangements for required referrals, treatment, appropriate support services, review and follow-up;
  • documenting the results of assessment, patient needs, goals and actions, referrals and required treatment/services, and review date in the patient's plan;
  • Discussing and organising the appropriate reviews throughout the patient’s treatment; and
  • discussing the need for the patient to be reviewed to access a higher intensity of EDPT services  in a 12 month period.
     

Preparing a Medical practitioner in general practice Eating Disorder Treatment & Management Plan (items 90250-90257)

Who can provide the service

Items in subgroup 1 of Group A36 can be rendered by a medical practitioner in general practice. This includes:

  • Medical practitioners who can render a general practitioner service in Group A1 of the MBS (see note AN.0.9 for the types of medical practitioners). These medical practitioners can render a ‘general practitioner’ service for items in subgroup 1 of Group A36.
  • Medical practitioners who are not general practitioners, specialists or consultant physicians. These medical practitioners can render a ‘medical practitioner’ service for items in subgroup 1 of Group A36.

What is Involved - Assess and Plan

It is expected that the practitioner developing the EDP has either performed or reviewed the assessments and examinations required to make a judgement that the patient meets the eligibility criteria for accessing these items.

Items 90250-90257 provide services for development of the eating disorder treatment and management plan. Where a comprehensive physical examination is performed, either on the same occasion or different occasion, the appropriate item could be claimed provided the time taken performing the assessment is not included in the time for producing the plan, or time producing the EDP is not included in the time for assessment.

It is emphasised that it is best practice for the practitioner to perform a comprehensive physical assessment to facilitate ongoing patient management and monitoring of medical and nutritional status.

Patient Assessment

An assessment of a patient with an eating disorders includes:

  • taking relevant history (biological, psychological, social, including family/carer support);
  • eating disorder diagnostic assessment;
  • medical review including physical examination and relevant tests;
  • conducting an assessment of mental state, including identification of comorbid psychiatric conditions;
  • an assessment of eating disorder behaviours;
  • an assessment of associated risk and any medical co-morbidity, including as assessment on how this impacts on the patients functioning and activities of daily living;
  • an assessment of family and/or carer support and
  • administering an outcome measurement tool, except where it is considered clinically inappropriate.


Risk assessment for a patient with an eating disorder should include identification of:

  • medical instability and risk of hospitalisation;
  • level of psychological distress and suicide risk;
  • level of malnourishment;
  • identification of psychiatric comorbidity;
  • level of disability;
  • duration of illness;
  • response to earlier evidence-based eating disorders treatment;
  • level of family/carer support.


It should be noted that the patient's EDP should be treated as a living document for updating as required. In particular, the plan can be updated at any time to incorporate relevant information, such as feedback or advice from other health professionals on the diagnosis or treatment of the patient.

Preparing a Consultant Psychiatrist or Paediatrician Eating Disorder Treatment & Management Plan (90260-90263)

Who can provide the service

Items in subgroup 2 of Group 36 can be rendered by consultant psychiatrists (items 90260 and 90261) and consultant paediatricians (items 90262 and 90263).

What is Involved – Assess and Plan

Items 90260-90263 provide access to specialist assessment and treatment planning. It is expected that items will be a single attendance. However, there may be particular circumstances where a patient has been referred by a GP for an assessment and management plan, but it is not possible for the consultant to determine in the initial consultation whether the patient is suitable for management under such a plan. In these cases, where clinically appropriate, other appropriate consultation items may be used. In those circumstances where the consultant undertakes a consultation (in accordance with the item requirements) prior to the consultation for providing the referring practitioner with an assessment and management plan. It is expected that such occurrences would be unusual for the purpose of diagnosis under items 90260 & 90262.

EDP Items 90262 and 90263 provide for provision of video conference attendance, consistent with other video conference services listed in the Table (see AN.36.6 Eating Disorders Telehealth – Consultant psychiatrists or paediatricians).

Patient Assessment

In order to facilitate ongoing patient focussed management, an assessment of the patient must include:

  • administering an outcome measurement tool during the assessment and review stages of treatment, where clinically appropriate. The choice of outcome tool to be used is at the clinical discretion of the practitioner;
  • conducting a mental state examination;
  • taking relevant history (biological, psychological, behavioural, nutritional, social);
  • assessing associated risk and any co-morbidity; and
  • making a psychiatric diagnosis for conditions meeting the eligibility criteria.

Risk assessment for a patient with an eating disorder should include identification of:

  • medical instability and risk of hospitalisation;
  • level of psychological distress and suicide risk;
  • level of malnourishment;
  • identification of psychiatric comorbidity;
  • level of disability;
  • duration of illness;
  • response to earlier evidence-based eating disorders treatment;
  • level of family/carer support.
     

Where a consultant psychiatrist provides an EDP service, the service must also include:

  • administering an outcome measurement tool, where clinically appropriate. The choice of outcome tool to be used is at the clinical discretion of the practitioner. Practitioners using such tools should be familiar with their appropriate clinical use, and if not, should seek appropriate education and training; and
  • conducting a mental state examination.

Consultation with the patient’s managing practitioner

A written copy of the EDP should be provided to the patient’s managing practitioner, within a maximum of two weeks of the assessment. It should be noted that two weeks is the outer limit and in more serious cases more prompt provision of the plan and verbal communication with the managing practitioner may be appropriate.

 Additional Claiming Information (general conditions and limitations)

Patients seeking rebates for items 90250-90257 and 90260-90263 will not be eligible if the patient has had a claim within the last 12 months.

Items 90250-90257 cannot be claimed with Items 2713, 279, 735, 758, 235 and 244. Items 90261 and 90263 cannot be claimed with Items 110, 116, 119, 132, 133.

Consultant psychiatrist and paediatrician EDP items 90260-90263 do not apply if the patient does not have a referral within the period of validity.

Before proceeding with the EDP the medical practitioner must ensure that:

(a) the steps involved in providing the service are explained to the patient and (if appropriate and with the patient's permission) to the patient's carer; and

(b) the patient's agreement to proceed is recorded.

The medical practitioner must offer the patient a copy of the EDP and add the document to the patient's records. This should include, subject to the patient's agreement, offering a copy to their carer, where appropriate. The medical practitioner may, with the permission of the patient, provide a copy of the EDP, or relevant parts of the plan, to other providers involved in the patient's treatment.

The medical practitioner EDP cover the service of developing an EDP. A separate consultation item can be performed with the EDP if the patient is treated for an unrelated condition to their eating disorder. Where a separate consultation is performed, it should be annotated separately on the patient’s account that a separate consultation was clinically required/indicated.

All consultations conducted as part of the EDP must be rendered by the medical practitioner and include a personal attendance with the patient. A specialist mental health nurse, other allied health practitioner, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health practitioner or Aboriginal Health Worker with appropriate mental health qualifications and training may provide general assistance to the medical practitioner in provision of this care.

Additional Claiming Information (interaction with Chronic Disease Management and Better Access)

It is preferable that wherever possible patients have only one plan for primary care management of their disorder. As a general principle the creation of multiple plans should be avoided, unless the patient clearly requires an additional plan for the management of a separate medical condition.

The Chronic Disease Management (CDM) care plan items (items 721, 723, 729, 731 and 732) continue to be available for patients with chronic medical conditions, including patients with complex needs.

Where a patient has a separate chronic medical condition, it may be appropriate to manage the patient's medical condition through a CDM Plan, and to manage their eating disorder through an EDP. In this case, both items can be used. Where the patient receives dietetic services under the CDM arrangements (item 10954), these services will count towards the patients maximum of 20 dietetic services in a 12 month period.

Where a patient has other psychiatric comorbidities, these conditions should be managed under the EDP. Once a patient has a claim for an EDP, the patient should not be able to have a claim for the development or review of a Mental Health Treatment plan by a GP (items 2700, 2701, 2715 and 2717) or medical practitioner in general practice (items 272, 276, 281 and 282) within 12 months of their EDP unless there are exceptional circumstances.

For the purpose of the 40 EDPT count; eating disorder psychological treatment service includes a service under provided under the following items: 90271, 90272, 90273, 90274, 90275, 90276, 90277, 90278, 90279, 90280, 90281, 90282, 2721, 2723, 2725, 2727, 283, 285, 286, 287, 371, 372 and items in Groups M6, M7 and M16 (excluding items 82350 and 82351).

 

Related Items: 90250 90251 90252 90253 90254 90255 90256 90257 90260 90261

Category 1 - PROFESSIONAL ATTENDANCES

AN.40.1

COVID-19 Specialist and Consultant Physician MBS Telehealth and Telephone attendance items

From 1 January 2022, a number of the temporary COVID-19 telehealth items were permanently added to the MBS.

The intent of these ongoing telehealth items is to allow practitioners to provide MBS attendances remotely (by videoconference or telephone) where it is safe and clinically appropriate to do so in accordance with relevant professional standards.  

Providing telehealth services by videoconference is the preferred substitution for a face-to-face consultation. However, providers can provide a consultation via telephone where it is clinically relevant (and the service is covered by a relevant telephone item).

A list of the ongoing telehealth items and the equivalent face‑to‑face items can be found at Table 1.

Note: On 16 January 2022, the Australian Government announced that a range of temporary specialist telehealth that were due to cease on 31 December 2021, would be temporarily reinstated until 30 June 2022.  These items have now ceased.

 

Table 1 – Ongoing telehealth items and equivalent face to face services (out of hospital patients)

 Service 

Face-to-face items

Video items  Telephone items
Specialist Services      
Specialist. Initial attendance  104  91822  -
Specialist. Subsequent attendance 105  91823  91833
       
Consultant Physician Services       -
Consultant physician. Initial attendance  110  91824   -
Consultant physician. Subsequent attendance  116  91825 -
Consultant physician. Minor attendance  119  91826  91836
Consultant physician. Initial assessment, patient with at least 2 morbidities, prepare a treatment and management plan, at least 45 minutes  132  92422  -
Consultant physician, Subsequent assessment, patient with at least 2 morbidities, review a treatment and management plan, at least 20 minutes    133  92423  -
Specialist and Consultant Physician Services      
Specialist or consultant physician early intervention services for children with autism, pervasive developmental disorder or disability  137  92141  -
Geriatrician Services      
Geriatrician, prepare an assessment and management plan, patient at least 65 years, more than 60 minutes  141  92623  -
Geriatrician,  review a management plan, more than 30 minutes  143  92624
 
 -
Consultant Psychiatrist services      
Consultant psychiatrist, prepare a treatment and management plan, patient under 13 years with autism or another pervasive developmental disorder, at least 45 minutes  289  92434  -
Consultant psychiatrist, prepare a management plan, more than 45 minutes   291  92435  -
Consultant psychiatrist, review management plan, 30 to 45 minutes  293  92436  -
Consultant psychiatrist, attendance, new patient (or has not received attendance in preceding 24 mths), more than 45 minutes  296  92437  -
Consultant psychiatrist. Consultation, not more than 15 minutes  300  91827  91837
Consultant psychiatrist. Consultation, 15 to 30 minutes  302  91828  91838
Consultant psychiatrist. Consultation, 30 to 45 minutes  304  91829  91839
 Consultant psychiatrist. Consultation, 45 to 75 minutes  306  91830  -
Consultant psychiatrist. Consultation, more than 75 minutes  308  91831  -
Consultant psychiatrist, group psychotherapy, at least
1 hour, involving group of 2 to 9 unrelated patients or a family group of more than 3 patients, each referred to consultant psychiatrist
 342  92455  -
Consultant psychiatrist, group psychotherapy, at least
1 hour, involving family group of 3 patients, each referred to consultant psychiatrist
 344  92456  -
Consultant psychiatrist, group psychotherapy, at least
1 hour, involving family group of 2 patients, each referred to consultant psychiatrist
 346  92457  
Consultant psychiatrist, interview of a person other than patient, in the course of initial diagnostic evaluation of patient, 20 to 45 minutes  348 92458  -
Consultant psychiatrist, interview of a person other than patient, in the course of initial diagnostic evaluation of patient,  45 minutes or more  350  92459  -
Consultant psychiatrist, interview of a person other than patient, in the course of continuing management of patient, not less than 20 minutes, not exceeding 4 attendances per calendar year    352  92460  -
Consultant psychiatrist, prepare an eating disorder treatment and management plan, more than 45 minutes  90260  92162  
Consultant psychiatrist, to review an eating disorder plan, more than 30 minutes  90266  92172  
Paediatrician Services (also refer to consultant physician services)      
Paediatrician early intervention services for children with autism, pervasive developmental disorder or disability  135  92140  
Paediatrician, prepare an eating disorder treatment and management plan, more than 45 minutes  90261  92163  
Paediatrician, to review an eating disorder plan, more than 20 minutes  90267  92173  
Public Health Physician Services      
Public health physician, level A attendance   410  92513  92521
Public health physician, level B attendance, less than 20 minutes  411  92514  92522
Public health physician, level C attendance, at least 20 minutes  412  92515  -
Public health physician, level D attendance, at least 40 minutes  413  92516  -
Neurosurgery attendances      
Neurosurgeon, initial attendance  6007  92610  -
Neurosurgeon, minor attendance  6009  92611  92618
Neurosurgeon, subsequent attendance, 15 to 30 minutes  6011  92612  -
Neurosurgeon, subsequent attendance, 30 to 45 minutes  6013  92613  -
Neurosurgeon, subsequent attendance, more than 45 minutes  6015  92614  -
Anaesthetist attendance       
Anaesthetist, professional attendance, advanced or complex 17615 92701  -

Further information on the telehealth changes can be found at www.MBSonline.gov.au by searching under the  Facts Sheets tab – July 2022.

Eligible providers

All MBS items for referred attendances require a valid referral. However, if the specialist, consultant physician, consultant psychiatrist, paediatrician or geriatrician has previously seen the patient under a referral that is still valid, there is no need to obtain a specific referral for the purposes of claiming the video and telephone items.

Restrictions

All MBS telehealth and telephone attendance items are stand-alone items and are to be billed instead of a face‑to-face MBS item.

Billing Requirements

Bulk billing of specialist (and allied health) telehealth services is at the discretion of the provider, so long as informed financial consent is obtained prior to the provision of the service.

Further information on the assignment of benefit for bulk billed MBS telehealth services can be found in the ‘Provider Frequently Asked Questions’ at MBSonline.gov.au.

Relevant definitions and requirements

Specialist telehealth services (91822, 91823 and 91833) can be billed by all specialities that can currently bill items 104 and 105 or equivalent MBS items. This also includes sports and exercise medicine and occupational and environmental health medicine specialists.

Consultant physician telehealth services (91824, 91825, 91826 and 91836) can be billed by all specialities that can currently bill items 110, 116 and 119 or equivalent MBS items. This also includes pain and palliative medicine, sexual health medicine and addiction medicine.

Consultant physician telehealth services to prepare and review a management plan (92422 and 92423) can be billed by all physicians that can currently bill items 132 and 133 or equivalent MBS items. This also includes sexual health medicine, addiction medicine and paediatricians.

The specialist and consultant physician service for early intervention for children with pervasive developmental disorder (92141) can be billed by specialists and consultant physicians that are able to item 137.

Single course of treatment

The same conditions for a single course of treatment apply across all modalities (i.e. face‑to-face, video or telephone). Once an initial consultation is billed, all subsequent services related to the same condition are considered to be part of a single course of treatment. For example, if a patient has seen a specialist in a face‑to‑face consultation (where item 104 has been billed), item 91823 (video) or 91833 (telephone) should be billed if the patient sees the specialist remotely for the same condition.

Anaesthetist services

The Anaesthetist telehealth service (92701) can be billed by practitioners that can currently bill item 17615.

Service limits

At present, the service limits that apply to standard psychiatry services do not currently apply to the video and telephone attendance items for psychiatry (except for item 92460). Patients who have received more than 50 attendances under existing items are eligible to receive services under the video and telephone psychiatry items as long as they meet the item descriptor requirements.

In addition, patients who have received more than 50 attendances under item 319 are eligible to receive services under the video and telephone psychiatry items as long as they meet the item descriptor requirements.

The Department of Health will work with the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) and the Medicare Review Advisory Committee (MRAC) to review the current service limits, and ensure a consistent approach across all of the psychiatry attendance items, including services provided by face‑to‑face, video and telephone.

Interview item (92460)

Item 92460 provides for an interview with a person other than the patient. A maximum of 4 services in a calendar year can be billed under item 92460, or the equivalent face‑to‑face item (item 352), in the continuing management of a patient. That is, a consultant psychiatrist can bill for a service under item 92460 once more in the calendar year if a patient has received three MBS services under items 352 or 92460 in the same calendar year.

Management Plan items (92435 and 92436)

The MBS remote attendance preparation and review of GP management plan items have the same diagnosis, assessment and record-keeping requirements as the existing face-to-face items (291 and 293). Refer to MBS Explanatory Note AN.0.30 for further information.

Group psychotherapy items (92455, 92456 and 92457)

The MBS remote attendance group psychotherapy items have the same requirements as the existing face-to-face  items (342, 344 and 346). It is the responsibility of the practitioner rendering the service to maintain privacy and confidentiality for all participants throughout the service. Practitioners should refer to the relevant professional practice standards and guidelines for technology-based consultations.

Technical Requirements

The services can be provided by telehealth and by phone. It is the responsibility of the practitioner rendering the service to maintain privacy and confidentiality for all participants throughout the service. 

Telehealth attendance means a professional attendance by video conference where the medical practitioner:

  1. has the capacity to provide the full service through this means safely and in accordance with relevant professional standards; and
  2. is satisfied that it is clinically appropriate to provide the service to the patient; and
  3. maintains a visual and audio link with the patient; and
  4. is satisfied that the software and hardware used to deliver the service meets the applicable laws for security and privacy.

Note – only the time where a visual and audio link is maintained between the patient and the provider can be counted in meeting the relevant item descriptor.

No specific equipment is required to provide Medicare-compliant telehealth services. Practitioners must ensure that their chosen telecommunications solution meets their clinical requirements and satisfies privacy laws. Information on how to select a web conferencing solution is available on the Australian Cyber Security Centre website.

Phone attendance means a professional attendance by telephone where the health practitioner:

  1. has the capacity to provide the full service through this means safely and in accordance with professional standards; and
  2. is satisfied that it is clinically appropriate to provide the service to the patient; and
  3. maintains an audio link with the patient.

There are no longer geographic restrictions on the MBS video or telephone services provided by specialists, consultant physicians, consultant psychiatrists, paediatricians, geriatricians and anaesthetists.

Recording Clinical Notes (for specialist, consultant physician, consultant psychiatrist, neurosurgery, public health medicine, geriatrician, paediatrician and anaesthetist)

In relation to the time taken in recording appropriate details of the service, only clinical details recorded at the time of the attendance count towards the time of consultation.  It does not include information added later, such as reports of investigations, or when either the visual or audio link between the patient and the practitioner is lost. 

Clinicians should record the date, time and duration of the consultation, and retain these records.

Related Items: 104 105 110 116 119 132 133 135 137 141 143 289 291 293 296 300 302 304 306 308 342 344 346 348 350 352 410 411 412 413 6007 6009 6011 6013 6015 90260 90261 90266 90267 91822 91823 91824 91825 91826 91833 91836 92422 92423


Legend

  • Assist - Addition/Deletion of (Assist.)
  • Amend - Amended Description
  • Anaes - Anaesthetic Values Amended
  • Emsn - EMSN Change
  • Fee - Fee Amended
  • Renum - Item Number Change (renumbered)
  • New - New Item
  • NewMin - New Item (previous Ministerial Determination)
  • Qfe - QFE Change