Medicare Benefits Schedule - Item 16531

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16531 - Additional Information

Item Start Date:
Description Updated:
Schedule Fee Updated:

T4 - Obstetrics

Management of pregnancy loss, from 16 weeks to 22 weeks and 6 days gestation, other than a service to which item 16530, 35640 or 35643 applies


Fee: $846.10 Benefit: 75% = $634.60

(See para TN.4.5, TN.4.14 of explanatory notes to this Category)

Associated Notes



Labour and Birth - (Items 16515, 16518, 16519, 16530 and 16531)

Benefits for management of labour and birth covered by Items 16515, 16518, 16519, 16530  and 16531  includes the following (where indicated):-

-                  surgical and/or intravenous infusion induction of labour;

-                  forceps or vacuum extraction;

-                  evacuation of products of conception by manual removal (not being an independent procedure);

-                  episiotomy or repair of tears.

Item 16519 covers birth by any means including Caesarean section. If, however, a patient is referred, or her care is transferred to another medical practitioner for the specific purpose of birth by Caesarean section, whether because of an emergency situation or otherwise, then Item 16520 would be the appropriate item.

In some instances the obstetrician may not be able to be present at all stages of confinement. In these circumstances, Medicare benefits are payable under Item 16519 provided that the doctor attends the patient as soon as possible during the confinement and assumes full responsibility for the mother and baby.

Two items in Group T9 provide benefits for assistance by a medical practitioner at a Caesarean section. Item 51306 relates to those instances where the Caesarean section is the only procedure performed, while Item 51309 applies when other operative procedures are performed at the same time.

Where, during labour, a medical practitioner hands the patient over to another medical practitioner, benefits are payable under Item 16518 for the referring practitioner's services. The second practitioner's services would attract benefits under Item 16515 (i.e., management of vaginal birth) or Item 16520 (Caesarean section).  If another medical practitioner is called in for the management of the labour and birth, benefits for the referring practitioner's services should be assessed under Item 16500 for the routine antenatal attendances and on a consultation basis for the postnatal attendances, if performed.

At a high risk birth benefits will be payable for the attendance of any medical practitioner (called in by the doctor in charge of the birth) for the purposes of resuscitation and subsequent supervision of the neonate.  Examples of high risk births include cases of difficult vaginal birth, Caesarean section or the birth of babies with Rh problems and babies of toxaemic mothers.

Related Items: 16515 16518 16519 16530 16531



Extended Medicare Safety Net (EMSN) for Obstetric Services (Items 16531, 16533 and 16534)

The Extended Medicare Safety Net (EMSN) benefit is capped at 65% of the schedule fee for obstetric items 16531, 16533, and 16534. However, as these items are for in-hospital services only, the EMSN does not apply

Related Items: 16531 16533 16534


  • Assist - Addition/Deletion of (Assist.)
  • Amend - Amended Description
  • Anaes - Anaesthetic Values Amended
  • Emsn - EMSN Change
  • Fee - Fee Amended
  • Renum - Item Number Change (renumbered)
  • New - New Item
  • NewMin - New Item (previous Ministerial Determination)
  • Qfe - QFE Change