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Category 1 - PROFESSIONAL ATTENDANCES
90264 - Additional Information
Professional attendance by a general practitioner to review an eating disorder treatment and management plan.
Fee: $75.80 Benefit: 100% = $75.80
Category 1 - PROFESSIONAL ATTENDANCES
Eating Disorders General Explanatory Notes
Eating Disorders General Explanatory Notes (items 90250-90257, 90260-90269 and 90271-90282)
This note provides a general overview of the full range of 1 November 2019 eating disorders Items and supporting information more specifically on the Category 1 – Professional Attendances: Group A36 – Eating Disorders Services (90250-90257, 90260-90269 and 90271-90282).
It includes an overview of the items, model of care, patient eligibility, and inks to other guidance and resources.
All 1 November 2019 Eating Disorders new items:
The Eating Disorders items define services for which Medicare rebates are payable where service providers undertake assessment and management of patients with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa and patients with other specified eating disorder diagnoses who meet the eligibility criteria (see – patient eligibility). It is expected that there will be a multidisciplinary approach to patient management through these items.
The items mean eligible patients are able to receive a Medicare rebate for development of an eating disorders treatment plan by a medical practitioner in general practice (Group A36, subgroup 1), psychiatry or paediatrics (Group A36, subgroup 2). Patients with an eating disorders treatment and management plan (EDP) will be eligible for comprehensive treatment and management services for a 12 month period, including:
- Up to 20 dietetic services under items 10954, 82350 and 82351.
- Up to 40 eating disorder psychological treatment services (EDPT service).
- Review and ongoing management services to ensure that the patient accesses the appropriate level of intervention (Group A36, subgroup 3).
An EDPT service includes mental health treatment services which are provided by an allied health professional or a medical practitioner in general practice with appropriate mental health training. These treatment services include:
- Medicare mental health treatment services currently provided to patients under the ‘Better Access to Psychiatrists, Psychologists and General Practitioners through the MBS (‘Better Access’) initiative.
- This includes medical practitioner items 2721, 2723, 2725, 2727, 283, 285, 286, 287, 371, 372; and
- This includes allied health items in Groups M6 and M7 of Category 8; and
- new items for EDPT services provided by suitably trained medical practitioners in general practice (items 90271, 90272, 90273, 90274, 90275, 90276, 90277, 90278, 90279, 90280, 90281, 90282)
- new items for EDPT services provided by eligible clinical psychologists (items 82352-82359), eligible psychologists (items 82360-82367), eligible occupational therapists (items 82368-82375) and eligible social workers (items 82376-82383)
For the purpose of the 40 EDPT count; eating disorder psychological treatment service includes a service under provided under the following items: 90271, 90272, 90273, 90274, 90275, 90276, 90277, 90278, 90279, 90280, 90281, 90282, 2721, 2723, 2725, 2727, 283, 285, 286, 287, 371, 372 and items in Groups M6, M7 and M16 (excluding items 82350 and 82351).
For any particular patient, an eating disorder treatment and management plan expires at the end of a 12 month period following provision of that service. After that period, a patient will require a new EDP to continue accessing EDPT services.
The eating disorder items are available to eligible patients in the community. These items do not apply to services provided to admitted (in-hospital) patients.
The referring practitioner is responsible for determining that a patient is eligible for an EDP and therefore EDPT and dietetic services.
‘Eligible patient’ defines the group of patients who can access the new eating disorder services. There are two cohorts of eligible patients.
- Patients with a clinical diagnosis of anorexia nervosa; or
- Patients who meet the eligibility criteria (below), and have a clinical diagnosis of any of the following conditions:
- bulimia nervosa;
- binge-eating disorder;
- other specified feeding or eating disorder.
The eligibility criteria, for a patient, is:
- a person who has been assessed as having an Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire score of 3 or more; and
- the condition is characterised by rapid weight loss, or frequent binge eating or inappropriate compensatory behaviour as manifested by 3 or more occurrences per week; and
- a person who has at least two of the following indicators:
- clinically underweight with a body weight less than 85% of expected weight where weight loss is directly attributable to the eating disorder;
- current or high risk of medical complications due to eating disorder behaviours and symptoms;
- serious comorbid medical or psychological conditions significantly impacting on medical or psychological health status with impacts on function;
- the person has been admitted to a hospital for an eating disorder in the previous 12 months;
- inadequate treatment response to evidence based eating disorder treatment over the past six months despite active and consistent participation.
Practitioners should have regard to the relevant diagnostic criteria set out in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association – Fifth Edition (DSM-5)
Practitioners can access the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire at https://www.credo-oxford.com/pdfs/EDE_17.0D.pdf
The Eating Disorders Items Stepped Model of Care
The eating disorder items incorporate a ‘stepped model’ for best practice care for eligible patients with eating disorders that comprise:
- assessment and treatment planning
- provision of and/or referral for appropriate evidence based eating disorder specific treatment services by allied mental health professionals and provision of services by dietitians
- review and ongoing management items to ensure that the patient accesses the appropriate level of intervention.
The Stepped Model
‘STEP 1’ – PLANNING (trigger eating disorders pathway) 90250-90257 and 90260-90263
An eligible patient receives an eating disorder plan (EDP) developed by a medical practitioner in general practice (items 90250-90257), psychiatry (items 90260-90262) or paediatrics (items 90261-90263).
‘STEP 2’ – COMMENCE INITIAL COURSE OF TREATMENT (psychological & dietetic services)
Once an eligible patient has an EDP in place, the 12 month period commences, and the patient is eligible for an initial course of treatment up to 20 dietetic services and 10 eating disorder psychological treatment (EDPT) services. A patient will be eligible for an additional 30 EDPT services in the 12 month period, subject to reviews from medical practitioners to determine appropriate intensity of treatment.
‘STEP 3” – CONTINUE ON INITIAL COURSE OF TREATMENT 90264-90269 (managing practitioner review and progress up to 20 EDPT services)
It is expected that the managing practitioner will be reviewing the patient on a regular, ongoing and as required basis. However, a patient must have a review of the EDP (90264-90269), to assess the patient’s progress against the EDP or update the EDP, before they can access more than 10 EDPT services. This is known as the ‘first review’. The first review should be provided by the patient’s managing practitioner, where possible.
‘STEP 4’ FORMAL SPECIALIST AND PRACTITIONER REVIEW 90266-90269 (continue beyond 20 EDPT services)
A patient must have two additional reviews before they can access more than 20 EDPT services. One review (the ‘second review’) must be performed by a medical practitioner in general practice (who is expected to be the managing practitioner), and the other (the ‘third review’) must be performed by a paediatrician (90267 or 90269) or psychiatrist (90266 or 90268). Should both recommend the patient requires more intensive treatment, the patient would be able to access an additional 10 EDPT services in the 12 month period. These reviews are required to determine that the patient has not responded to treatment at the lower intensity levels.
The patient’s managing practitioner should be provided with a copy of the specialist review.
The specialist review by the psychiatrist or paediatrician can occur at any point before 20 EDPT services. The practitioner should refer the patient for specialist review as early in the treatment process as appropriate. If the practitioner is of the opinion that the patient should receive more than 20 EDPT services, the referral should occur at the first practitioner review (after the first course of treatment) if it has not been initiated earlier.
Practitioners should be aware that the specialist review can be provided via telehealth (90268 and 90269). Where appropriate, provision has been made for practitioner participation on the patient-end of the telehealth consultation.
It is expected that the managing practitioner will be reviewing the patient on a regular, ongoing and as required basis. However, a patient must have a review of the EDP (90264-90269), to assess the patient’s progress against the EDP or update the EDP, before they can access the next course of treatment.
‘STEP 5’ ACCESS TO MAXIMUM INTENSITY OF TREATMENT 90266-90269 (continue beyond 30 EDPT services)
To access more than 30 EDPT treatment services in the 12 month period, patients are required to have an additional review (the ‘fourth review’) to ensure the highest intensity of treatment is appropriate. Subject to this review, a patient could access the maximum of 40 EDPT treatment services in a 12 month period. The fourth review should be provided by the patient’s managing practitioner, where possible.
An Integrated Team Approach
A patient’s family and/or carers should be involved in the treatment planning and discussions where appropriate. The family can be involved in care options throughout the diagnosis and assessment, and are usually the support unit that help to bridge the gap between initial diagnosis and eating disorder specific treatment.
The National Standards for the safe treatment of eating disorders specify a multi-disciplinary treatment approach that provides coordinated psychological, physical, behavioural, nutritional and functional care to address all aspects of eating disorders. People with eating disorders require integrated inter-professional treatment that is able to work within a framework of shared goals, care plans and client and family information. Frequent communication is required between treatment providers to prevent deterioration in physical and mental health (RANZCP Clinical Guidelines: Hay et al., 2014). Consider regular case conferencing to ensure that the contributing team members are able to work within a shared care plan and with client and carers to achieve best outcomes.
Clinical guidelines and other resources
It is expected that the consultants providing services under these items should have the appropriate skills, knowledge and experience to provide eating disorders treatment. However, there are a number of resources which may be of assistance to practitioners in supporting and developing eating disorders treatment plans, these include:
- The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of eating disorders
- The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) Referred Patient Assessment and Management Plan Guidelines
Note: This information is provided as a guide only and each case should be addressed according to a patient's individual needs. An electronic version of the Guidelines is available on the RANZCP website at www.ranzcp.org
Eating Disorders Training
It is expected that practitioners who are providing services under these items have appropriate training, skills and experience in treatment of patients with eating disorders and meet the national workforce core competencies for the safe and effective identification of and response to eating disorders more information available at National Eating Disorders Collaboration
Practitioners should contact their professional organisation to identify education and training which may assist to practitioners to gain the skills and knowledge to provide services under these items.
The following organisations provide training which may assist practitioners to meet the workforce competency standards:
- The Australia and New Zealand Academy of eating disorders (ANZAED) - National
- InsideOut Institute - National
- The Victorian Centre of Excellence in Eating Disorders (CEED) - VIC
- Queensland Eating Disorder Service (QuEDS) - QLD
- Statewide Eating Disorder Service (SEDS) - SA
- WA Eating Disorders Outreach & Consultation Service (WAEDOCS) – WA
This list is not exhaustive, but has been included to provide examples on the types of training available which may assist practitioners to upskill in this area.
Category 1 - PROFESSIONAL ATTENDANCES
Eating Disorders Treatment and Management Plan Reviews
Eating Disorders Treatment and Management Plan Reviews (items 90264-90269)
This note provides information on Eating Disorders Treatment and Management Plan (EDP) review items and should be read in conjunction with the AN.36.1 Eating Disorders General Explanatory Notes and the AN.36.2 Eating Disorders Treatment and Management Plans Explanatory Notes
Eating Disorder Treatment Plan review (EDR) items overview
The EDR items define services for which Medicare rebates are payable where practitioners undertake to review the efficacy of the patient’s eating disorder treatment and management plan (EDP). This includes modifying the patient’s plan, where appropriate, to improve patient outcomes. The review services can be provided by medical practitioners working in general practice, psychiatry and paediatrics.
An EDR may be provided by the managing practitioner who prepared the patient's initial plan (or another practitioner in the same practice or in another practice where the patient has changed practices) and should include a systematic review of the patient's progress against the initial EDP (whether it was prepared by a GP, psychiatrist or paediatrician) and by completing the activities that must be included in a review (see below).
When to render an EDR review item
It is expected that the managing practitioner will be reviewing the patient on a regular, ongoing and as required basis. However, a patient must have a review of the EDP to assess the patient’s progress against the EDP or update the EDP, as the patient is approaching the end of each course of treatment before they can access the next course of treatment.
The eating disorder items incorporate a ‘stepped model’ for best practice care for eligible patients with eating disorders. Under the Eating Disorders Items Stepped Model of Care a course of treatment is defined as 10 eating disorder psychological treatment (EDPT) services. It is required that a patient must have a review after each course of treatment (see AN.36.1 Eating Disorders General Explanatory Notes).
Reviewing an Eating Disorders Treatment Plan
The EDR must include:
- recording the patient's agreement for this service;
- referral to a psychiatrist or paediatrician for review under items 90266-90269, if this has not been initiated at an earlier stage;
- a review of the patient's progress against the goals outlined in the EDP, including discussion with the patient/and or their family/carer as to whether the EDPT services are meeting their needs;
- modification of the documented EDP if required;
- checking, reinforcing and expanding education;
- a plan for crisis intervention and/or for relapse prevention, if appropriate and if not previously provided; and
- reviewing reports back from the allied mental health professional on the patient’s response to treatment and documenting a recommendation on whether patient should continue with another course of EDPT services with that health professional or another health professional.
Where a consultant psychiatrist or paediatrician provides an EDR, the consultant physician must give the referring practitioner a copy of the diagnosis and the revised EDP within 2 weeks after the attendance. Where a consultant psychiatrist provides an EDR service, the review must also include:
- administering an outcome measurement tool, where clinically appropriate. The choice of outcome tool to be used is at the clinical discretion of the practitioner. Practitioners using such tools should be familiar with their appropriate clinical use, and if not, should seek appropriate education and training; and
- conducting a mental state examination.
Note: It is expected there will be other consultations between the patient and the managing practitioner as part of ongoing patient and medical management, including the ordering and reviewing of the required testing for monitoring the patients’ medical and nutritional status. All other ongoing patient reviews should be claimed under the appropriate item.
Checking patient eligibility for services
Note: The 12 month period commences from the date of the EDP.
To provide an EDR service in items 90264-90269, the patient must have had an EDP 90250-90257 or 90260-90263 in the previous 12 months.
If the EDP service has not yet been claimed, the Department of Human Services will not be aware of the patient's eligibility. In this case the practitioner should, with the patient's permission, contact the referring practitioner to ensure the relevant service has been provided to the patient.
If there is any doubt about whether a patient has had a claim for an eating disorder service, health professionals can access the Health Professionals Online System (HPOS). HPOS is a fast and secure way for health professionals and administrators to check if a patient is eligible for a Medicare benefit for a specific item on the date of the proposed service. However, this system will only return advice that the service/item is payable or not payable.
Patients can also access their own claiming history with a My Health Record or by establishing a Medicare online account through myGov or the Express Plus Medicare mobile app.
Alternatively, health professionals can call the Department of Human Services on 132 150 to check this information, while patients can seek clarification by calling 132 011.
Additional Claiming Information (general conditions and limitations)
Items 90264- 90265 cannot be claimed with item 2713 and 279.
Consultant psychiatrist and paediatrician EDP items 90266- 90269 do not apply if the patient does not have a referral within the period of validity.
Before proceeding with the EDR service the medical practitioner must ensure that:
(a) the steps involved in providing the service are explained to the patient and (if appropriate and with the patient's permission) to the patient's carer; and
(b) the patient's agreement to proceed is recorded.
The medical practitioner must offer the patient a copy of the reviewed EDP and add the document to the patient's records. This should include, subject to the patient's agreement, offering a copy to their carer, where appropriate. The medical practitioner may, with the permission of the patient, provide a copy of the revised EDP, or relevant parts of the plan, to other providers involved in the patient's treatment.
The medical practitioner EDR items cover the service of reviewing an EDP. A separate consultation item can be performed with the EDP if the patient is treated for an unrelated condition to their eating disorder. Where a separate consultation is performed, it should be annotated separately on the patient’s account that a separate consultation was clinically required/indicated.
All consultations conducted as part of the EDP or review must be rendered by the medical practitioner and include a personal attendance with the patient. A specialist mental health nurse, other allied health practitioner, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health practitioner or Aboriginal Health Worker with appropriate mental health qualifications and training may provide general assistance to the medical practitioner in provision of this care.
Additional Claiming Information (interaction with Better Access)
Items 90264-90265 for an EDR, performed by a medical practitioner working in general practice, should not be performed in association with a GP mental health consultation review service (item 2712 and 277).
- Assist - Addition/Deletion of (Assist.)
- Amend - Amended Description
- Anaes - Anaesthetic Values Amended
- Emsn - EMSN Change
- Fee - Fee Amended
- Renum - Item Number Change (renumbered)
- New - New Item
- NewMin - New Item (previous Ministerial Determination)
- Qfe - QFE Change